Diskussioun:Charles Bernard du Bost-Moulin

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Beim Doud vum Karel V. (1558) war d'Gromper nach net an Europa ukomm. Ech hunn dofir de Saz: "Virdrun hat de Karel V. dat scho probéiert, mee deemools war dat näischt ginn" suppriméiert.

Celsus 11:49, 15. Nov. 2008 (UTC)

Aus der de:Wiki Artikel Kartoffel[Quelltext änneren]

Nach Europa wurde die Kartoffel zuerst wegen der schönen Blüte und des üppigen Laubes als reine Zierpflanze importiert und als seltene Pflanze in botanische Gärten aufgenommen. Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts tauchte sie in den Niederlanden, in Italien und in Burgund auf. In Deutschland erschien sie erstmals unter der Regierung Karl V. Nach einigen Quellen sollen die ersten Kartoffeln innerhalb Deutschlands in Bayern angebaut worden sein (dësen Text gouf Iech offréiert vun der IP

Aus der Fachliteratur[Quelltext änneren]

  • Rousselle, P., Y. Robert & J.C. Crosnier (éds) (1996): La pomme de terre: Production, amélioration, ennemis et maladies, utilisations. Editions INRA, 607 p. (Collection Mieux comprendre). [1]

(page 32)

« On pense (…) que la pomme de terre arriva quelques années avant la fin du XVIe siècle [en Europe], et ceci par deux portes d’entrée différentes; la première, et c’est logique, fut l’Espagne vers 1570, la seconde les Iles Britanniques entre 1588 et 1593. »

  • Salaman, R. N. (1989): The history and social influence of the potato. With a chapter on industrial uses by W.G. Burton. Revised impression edited with a new introduction by J.G. Hawkes. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, XLIV-685 p.

(page 142-143)

« The introduction of the potato has, it is true, proved to be one of the major events in man's recent history but, at the time, it was a matter of relatively little moment, and called forth no immediate public comment. In this respect it fared no worse than the vast majority of plants which have been brought into Europe in the last 2,000 years. In one respect, however, it had an advantage over all others, for it came to Europe not as one whose appeal was based on the delight of the eye or the palate alone, but with a long-tried record of economic worth which the more farthinking of that adventurous generation were not slow to realize.

It also shared, but to a greater degree than any other of the botanical novelties which poured into the Old World at that time, the advantage of coming on to the European stage at a time when actor and recorder in the great dramas of the New Capitalism and the birth of Empire were, if not combined in one person, never far removed spiritually from one another.

From Clusius's account we learn that prior to 1588 the tuber was an established garden vegetable in certain parts of Italy, which implies that it must have arrived there from Spain at least five or more years earlier, and that it could not therefore have reached Spain much later than 1580.

This, however, is but guessing, and, till recently, 1588 has been our earliest fixed date.

With the help of Prof. E. Hamilton one is able to improve on that date by fifteen years. He mentions that the account books of the Hospital de la Sangre at Seville show that they bought potatoes as part of their normal housekeeping in 1576. Recently Prof. Hamilton has written to me that he found mention of such a purchase in the fourth quarter of 1573, and thinks there may be still earlier ones.

It is interesting to note that prior to 1584 the hospital bought its potatoes by the pound, but that at the later date they were purchased by the 'arroba' (a unit of 25 lb.); moreover, all the purchases took place in the fourth quarter of the year, which is good evidence that they were grown in Spain and eaten freshly harvested. They were probably regarded as luxuries up till 1584.

The new evidence permits us to put the date of introduction of the potato into Spain at least as early as 1570, which would allow of three years for its multiplication to the stage when it could be marketed profitably. This means that the original seed tubers could not have been gathered in South America later than in the previous year, 1569. »

* International Year of the Potato [2]

The diffusion of the potato from the Andes to the rest of the globe reads like an adventure story, but it began with a tragedy. The Spanish conquest of Peru between 1532 and 1572 destroyed the Inca civilization and caused the deaths - from war, disease and despair - of at least half the population.

The conquistadores came in search of gold, but the real treasure they took back to Europe was Solanum tuberosum. The first evidence of potato growing in Europe dates from 1565, on Spain's Canary Islands. By 1573, potato was cultivated on the Spanish mainland. Soon, tubers were being sent around Europe as exotic gifts - from the Spanish court to the Pope in Rome, from Rome to the papal ambassador in Mons, and from there to a botanist in Vienna. Potatoes were grown in London in 1597 and reached France and the Netherlands soon after.

Celsus 18:20, 15. Nov. 2008 (UTC)

Elo feelt nach just en Artikel Gromper, an deen dat agebaut ka ginn :-* --Zinneke 15:53, 17. Nov. 2008 (UTC)

Do léisst sech sécher eppes maachen. Et dauert awer nach e bëssen, well nach eng Rei vu Saachen am lëtzebuergesche Kontext ze kläre bleiwen. — Celsus 21:42, 17. Nov. 2008 (UTC)