Koméitelëschten

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Déi nofolgend Tabellen enthalen eng vollstänneg Lëscht vun alle Koméiten, déi bei mindestens zwéi Perihelduerchgäng observéiert goufen, souwéi eng Auswiel vu bemierkenswäerten net- oder laangperiodesche Koméiten.

Periodesch Koméiten[änneren | Quelltext änneren]

Kuerzperiodesch Koméiten
Bezeechnung
an Numm
Periheldistanz
(an AE)
Ëmlafszäit
(a Joren)
Entdeckungsdatum Entdecker
1P/Halley 0,586 75,32 240 v. Chr.
2P/Encke 0,339 3,30 27. November 1818 J.-L. Pons
3D/Biela 0,879 6,65 27. Februar 1826 Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela
4P/Faye 1,667 7,55 23. November 1843 H. Faye
5D/Brorsen 0,590 5,46 26. Februar 1846 T. Brorsen
6P/d'Arrest 1,353 6,53 28. Juni 1851 H. d'Arrest
7P/Pons-Winnecke 1,257 6,37 12. Juni 1819 Pons, Winnecke
8P/Tuttle 0,997 13,51 9. Januar 1790 H. Tuttle
9P/Tempel 1,506 5,52 3. Abrëll 1867 E. W. L. Tempel
10P/Tempel 2 1,427 5,38 4. Juli 1873 E. W. L. Tempel
11P/Tempel-Swift-LINEAR 1,584 6,37 27. November 1869 E. W. L. Tempel, L.A. Swift, LINEAR
12P/Pons-Brooks 0,774 70,85 21. Juli 1812 J.P. Pons, W.R. Brooks
13P/Olbers 1,178 69,52 6. Mäerz 1815 H. Olbers
14P/Wolf 2,406 8,20 17. September 1884 M. Wolf
15P/Finlay 1,034 6,75 26. September 1886 W. Finlay
16P/Brooks 2 1,835 6,87 7. Juli 1889 W.R. Brooks
17P/Holmes 2,165 7,08 6. November 1892 E. Holmes
18D/Perrine-Mrkos 1,272 6,72 9. Dezember 1896 C.D. Perrine, A. Mrkos
19P/Borrelly 1,358 6,86 28. Dezember 1904 A. L. N. Borrelly
20D/Westphal 1,254 61,87 24. Juli 1852 J. G. Westphal
21P/Giacobini-Zinner 1,038 6,62 20. Dezember 1900 M. Giacobini
22P/Kopff 1,583 6,46 23. August 1906 Kopff
23P/Brorsen-Metcalf 0,479 70,52 20. Juli 1847 Brorsen, Metcalf
24P/Schaumasse 1,205 8,25 1. Dezember 1911 Schaumasse
25D/Neujmin 2 1,338 5,43 24. Februar 1916 Neujmin
26P/Grigg-Skjellerup 0,997 5,11 23. Juli 1902 Grigg, Skjellerup
27P/Crommelin 0,735 27,39 23. Februar 1818 Crommelin
28P/Neujmin 1 1,552 18,17 3. September 1913 Neujmin
29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1 5,722 14,65 15. November 1927 Schwassmann, Wachmann
30P/Reinmuth 1 1,877 7,32 22. Februar 1928 Reinmuth
31P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 2 3,409 8,70 17. Januar 1929 Schwassmann, Wachmann
32P/Comas Solá 1,834 8,80 5. November 1926 Comas i Solà
33P/Daniel 2,157 8,06 7. Dezember 1909 Daniel
34D/Gale 1,183 10,99 7. Juni 1927 Gale
35P/Herschel-Rigollet 0,748 154,91 21. Dezember 1788 Herschel, Rigollet
36P/Whipple 3,088 8,51 15. Oktober 1933 Whipple
37P/Forbes 1,572 6,35 1. August 1929 Forbes
38P/Stephan-Oterma 1,574 37,72 22. Januar 1867 Stephan, Oterma
39P/Oterma 5,471 19,53 8. Abrëll 1943 Oterma
40P/Väisälä 1 1,796 10,82 8. Februar 1939 Väisälä
41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresak 1,048 5,42 3. Mee 1858 Tuttle, Giacobini, Kresak
42P/Neujmin 3 2,015 10,70 2. August 1929 Neujmin
43P/Wolf-Harrington 1,578 6,46 22. Dezember 1924 Wolf, Harrington
44P/Reinmuth 2 1,903 6,73 10. September 1947 Reinmuth
45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdušáková 0,530 5,26 3. Dezember 1948 Honda & Mrkos, Pajdušáková
46P/Wirtanen 1,059 5,44 17. Januar 1948 Wirtanen
47P/Ashbrook-Jackson 2,307 7,48 26. August 1848 Ashbrook, Jackson
48P/Johnson 2,310 6,96 15. August 1949 Johnson
49P/Arend-Rigaux 1,369 6,63 1951 Arend, Rigaux
50P/Arend 1,917 8,24 4. Oktober 1951 Arend
51P/Harrington 1,572 6,78 14. August 1953 Harrington
51P/Harrington-A 1,568 6,78 14. August 1953 Harrington
52P/Harrington-Abell 1,757 7,54 22. Mäerz 1955 Harrington, Abell
53P/Van Biesbroeck 2,415 12,53 1. September 1954 Van Biesbroeck
54P/de Vico-Swift-NEAT 2,145 7,31 23. August 1844 de Vico, Swift, NEAT
55P/Tempel-Tuttle 0,976 33,24 19. Dezember 1865 E. W. L. Tempel, H. P. Tuttle
56P/Slaughter-Burnham 2,535 11,54 10. Dezember 1958 Slaughter, Burnham
57P/du Toit-Neujmin-Delporte 1,708 6,37 18. Juli 1941 du Toit, Neujmin, Delporte
57P/du Toit-Neujmin-Delporte-A 1,729 6,41 18. Juli 1941 du Toit, Neujmin, Delporte
58P/Jackson-Neujmin 1,381 8,24 15. September 1936 Jackson, Neujmin
59P/Kearns-Kwee 2,339 9,45 17. August 1963 Kearns, Kwee
60P/Tsuchinshan 2 1,766 6,78 11. Januar 1965 Tsuchinshan
61P/Shajn-Schaldach 2,330 7,47 18. September 1949 Shajn, Schaldach
62P/Tsuchinshan 1 1,489 6,63 1. Januar 1965 Tsuchinshan
63P/Wild 1 1,961 13,25 26. Mäerz 1960 Wild
64P/Swift-Gehrels 1,339 9,17 17. November 1889 Swift, Gehrels
65P/Gunn 2,444 6,80 27. Oktober 1970 Gunn
66P/du Toit 1,274 14,71 1944 du Toit
67P/Tschurjumow-Gerasimenko 1,289 6,56 11. September 1969 K. I. Tschurjumow, S. Gerasimenko
68P/Klemola 1,754 10,81 28. Oktober 1965 Klemola
69P/Taylor 1,942 6,96 24. November 1915 Taylor
70P/Kojima 2,004 7,04 27. Dezember 1970 Kojima
71P/Clark 1,562 5,52 9. Juni 1973 Clark
72P/Denning-Fujikawa 0,780 9,01 1881 Denning, Fujikawa
73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3
(+ 66 Fragmenter)
0,933 5,34 2. Mee 1930 Schwassmann, Wachmann
74P/Smirnova-Chernykh 3,553 8,52 4. Mäerz 1975 Smirnova, Chernykh
75D/Kohoutek 1,785 6,67 9. Februar 1975 Kohoutek
76P/West-Kohoutek-Ikemura 1,596 6,46 1975 West, Kohoutek, Ikemura
77P/Longmore 2,310 6,83 10. Juni 1975 Longmore
78P/Gehrels 2 2,009 7,22 29. September 1973 Gehrels
79P/du Toit-Hartley 1,230 5,28 1945 du Toit, Hartley
80P/Peters-Hartley 1,624 8,12 26. Juni 1846 Peters, Hartley
81P/Wild 1,593 6,41 6. Januar 1978 P. Wild
82P/Gehrels 3 3,626 8,42 1975 Gehrels
83P/Russell 1 1,612 6,10 16. Juni 1979 Russell
84P/Giclas 1,846 6,95 8. September 1978 Giclas
85P/Boethin 1,114 11,23 4. Januar 1975 L. Boethin
86P/Wild 3 2,310 6,93 11. Abrëll 1980 Wild
87P/Bus 2,181 6,52 1981 Bus
88P/Howell 1,367 5,50 29. August 1981 Howell
89P/Russell 2 2,290 7,41 1980 Russell
90P/Gehrels 1 2,966 14,85 1972 Gehrels
91P/Russell 3 2,602 7,66 14. Juni 1983 Russell
92P/Sanguin 1,808 12,43 15. Oktober 1977 Sanguin
93P/Lovas 1 1,693 9,16 5. Dezember 1980 Lovas
94P/Russell 4 2,231 6,58 7. Mäerz 1984 Russell
95P/Chiron 8,470 50,68 1. November 1977 C. Kowal
96P/Machholz 1 0,124 5,23 12. Mee 1986 Machholz
97P/Metcalf-Brewington 2,611 10,52 15. November 1906 Metcalf, Brewington
98P/Takamizawa 1,663 7,40 30. Juli 1984 Takamizawa
99P/Kowal 1 4,719 15,06 24. Abrëll 1977 Kowal
100P/Hartley 1 1,980 6,29 13. Juni 1985 Hartley
101P/Chernykh 2,350 13,92 Chernykh
101P/Chernykh-B 2,351 13,97 Chernykh
102P/Shoemaker 1,986 7,26 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker
103P/Hartley 2 1,037 6,41 Hartley
104P/Kowal 2 1,396 6,18 Kowal
105P/Singer Brewster 2,041 6,45 Singer Brewster
106P/Schuster 1,550 7,29 Schuster
107P/Wilson-Harrington 0,993 4,29 Helin, Wilson, Harrington
108P/Ciffreo 1,713 7,24 Ciffreo
109P/Swift-Tuttle 0,960 133,28 16. Juli 1862 L. Swift, H. P. Tuttle
110P/Hartley 3 2,478 6,87 Hartley
111P/Helin-Roman-Crockett 3,478 8,14 Helin, Roman, Crockett
112P/Urata-Niijima 1,458 6,65 Urata, Niijima
113P/Spitaler 2,127 7,09 Spitaler
114P/Wiseman-Skiff 1,569 6,66 Wiseman, Skiff
115P/Maury 2,041 8,79 Maury
116P/Wild 4 2,171 6,48 Wild
117P/Helin-Roman-Alu 1 3,037 8,24 Helin, Roman, Alu
118P/Shoemaker-Levy 4 2,010 6,50 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Levy
119P/Parker-Hartley 3,044 8,89 Parker, Hartley
120P/Mueller 1 2,747 8,43 Mueller
121P/Shoemaker-Holt 2 2,648 8,02 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Holt
122P/de Vico 0,659 74,35 de Vico
123P/West-Hartley 2,128 7,58 West, Hartley
124P/Mrkos 1,467 5,75 Mrkos
125P/Spacewatch 1,528 5,54 Spacewatch
126P/IRAS 1,703 13,29 IRAS
127P/Holt-Olmstead 2,159 6,34 Holt, Olmstead
128P/Shoemaker-Holt 1-A 3,047 9,51 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Holt
128P/Shoemaker-Holt 1-B 3,048 9,53 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Holt
129P/Shoemaker-Levy 3 2,807 7,24 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Levy
130P/McNaught-Hughes 2,104 6,67 McNaught, Hughes
131P/Mueller 2 2,424 7,07 Mueller
132P/Helin-Roman-Alu 2 1,924 8,28 Helin, Roman, Alu
133P/Elst-Pizarro 2,641 5,62 Elst, Pizarro
134P/Kowal-Vávrová 2,575 15,56 Kowal, Vávrová
135P/Shoemaker-Levy 8 2,721 7,50 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Levy
136P/Mueller 3 3,008 8,69 Mueller
137P/Shoemaker-Levy 2 1,867 9,36 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Levy
138P/Shoemaker-Levy 7 1,707 6,91 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Levy
139P/Väisälä-Oterma 3,381 9,54 Väisälä, Oterma
140P/Bowell-Skiff 1,972 16,18 Bowell, Skiff
141P/Machholz 2-A 0,753 5,23 Machholz
141P/Machholz 2-B 0,749 5,22 Machholz
142P/Ge-Wang 2,500 11,18 Ge, Wang
143P/Kowal-Mrkos 2,539 8,94 Kowal, Mrkos
144P/Kushida 1,431 7,57 Kushida
145P/Shoemaker-Levy 5 1,988 8,68 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Levy
146P/Shoemaker-LINEAR 1,319 7,88 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, LINEAR
147P/Kushida-Muramatsu 2,751 7,42 Kushida, Muramatsu
148P/Anderson-LINEAR 1,694 7,05 Anderson, LINEAR
149P/Mueller 4 2,647 9,01 Mueller
150P/LONEOS 1,762 7,66 LONEOS
151P/Helin 2,531 14,06 Helin
152P/Helin-Lawrence 3,106 9,49 Helin, Lawrence
153P/Ikeya-Zhang 0,507 366,51 1. Februar 2002 Ikeya, Zhang
154P/Brewington 1,590 10,66 Brewington
155P/Shoemaker 3 1,813 17,09 10. Januar 1986 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker
156P/Russell-LINEAR 1,597 6,84 Russell, LINEAR
157P/Tritton 1,421 6,45 Tritton
158P/Kowal-LINEAR 4,595 10,28 Kowal, LINEAR
159P/LONEOS 3,651 14,31 LONEOS
160P/LINEAR 2,083 7,94 LINEAR
161P/Hartley-IRAS 1,275 21,43 Hartley, IRAS
162P/Siding Spring 1,228 5,23 Siding Spring
163P/NEAT 1,920 7,01 NEAT
164P/Christensen 1,646 6,91 Christensen
165P/LINEAR 6,830 76,53 LINEAR
166P/NEAT 8,564 51,74 NEAT
167P/CINEOS 11,784 64,86 CINEOS
168P/Hergenrother 1,426 6,92 Hergenrother
169P/NEAT 0,605 4,20 NEAT
170P/Christensen 2,930 8,63 Christensen
171P/Spahr 1,726 6,62 16. November 1998 Spahr
172P/Yeung 2,244 6,59 21. Januar 2002 Yeung
173P/Mueller 5 4,236 13,70 20. November 1993 Mueller
174P/Echeclus 5,860 35,35 3. Mäerz 2000 Spacewatch
175P/Hergenrother 2,088 6,62 4. Februar 2000 Hergenrother
176P/LINEAR 2,581 5,71 7. September 1999 LINEAR
177P/Barnard 1,105 117,11 24. Juni 1889 Barnard
178P/Hug-Bell 1,947 7,06 10. Dezember 1999 Hug, Bell
179P/Jedicke 4,087 14,30 9. Januar 1995 Jedicke
180P/NEAT 2,469 7,53 20. Mee 2001 NEAT
181P/Shoemaker-Levy 6 1,128 7,54 C. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Levy
182P/LONEOS 0,980 5,02 17. November 2001 LONEOS
183P/Korlević-Jurić 3,894 9,56 18. Februar 1999 Korlević, Jurić
184P/Lovas 2 1,395 6,62 Lovas
185P/Petriew 0,938 5,47 18. August 2001 Petriew
186P/Garradd 4,263 10,6 25. Januar 2007 Garradd
187P/LINEAR 3,693 9,40 12. Mee 1999 LINEAR
188P/LINEAR-Mueller 2,552 9,13 26. September 1998 Mueller
189P/NEAT 1,173 4,98 30. Juli 2002 NEAT
190P/Mueller 2,032 8,73 21. Oktober 1998 Mueller
191P/McNaught 2,048 6,64 10. Juli 2007 McNaught
192P/Shoemaker-Levy 1 1,460 16,4 15. November 1990 C. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, Levy
193P/LINEAR-NEAT 2,156 6,74 17. August 2001 LINEAR, NEAT
194P/LINEAR 1,709 8,04 22. Januar 2000 LINEAR
195P/Hill 4,434 16,5 22. November 2006 Hill
196P/Tichy 2,138 7,34 23. Oktober 2000 Tichý
197P/LINEAR 1,060 4,85 23. Mee 2003 LINEAR
198P/ODAS 1,975 6,77 15. Dezember 1998 ODAS
199P/Shoemaker 2,958 14,56 14. Mee 1994 C. Shoemaker
200P/Larsen 3,293 10,94 3. November 1997 Larsen
201P/LONEOS 1,345 6,44 10. September 2001 LONEOS
202P/Scotti 2,527 7,34 14. Dezember 2001 Scotti
203P/Korlević 3,182 10,0 28. November 1999 Korlević
204P/LINEAR-NEAT 1,940 7,02 13. Oktober 2001 LINEAR, NEAT
205P/Giacobini 1,526 6,66 4. September 1896 M. Giacobini
206P/Barnard-Boattini 1,145 5,83 13. Oktober 1892 E. Barnard
207P/NEAT 0,944 7,67 11. Mee 2001 NEAT
208P/McMillan 2,525 8,11 2000 R.S. McMillan
209P/LINEAR 0,913 5,04 3. Mäerz 2004 LINEAR
210P/Christensen 0,535 5,66 26. Mee 2003 Christensen
211P/Hill 2,362 6,73 2003 Hill
212P/NEAT 1,654 7,79 2000 NEAT
213P/Van Ness 2,123 6,33 10. September 2005 Van Ness
214P/LINEAR 1,844 6,85 7. Februar 2002 LINEAR
215P/NEAT 3,214 8,06 29. Juli 2002 NEAT
216P/LINEAR 2,160 7,66 1. Februar 2001 LINEAR
217P/LINEAR 1,224 7,83 21. Juni 2001 LINEAR
218P/LINEAR 1,701 6,10 29. Abrëll 2003 LINEAR
219P/LINEAR 2,364 6,99 5. Juni 2002 LINEAR
220P/McNaught 1,549 5,49 20. Mee 2004 McNaught
221P/LINEAR 1,784 6,49 9. Mee 2002 LINEAR
222P/LINEAR 0,780 4,83 7. Dezember 2004 LINEAR
223P/Skiff 2,420 8,45 17. September 2002 Skiff
224P/LINEAR-NEAT 1,990 6,29 4. Dezember 2003 LINEAR, NEAT
225P/LINEAR 1,315 6,96 3. Oktober 2002 LINEAR
226P/Pigott-LINEAR-Kowalski 1,769 7,30 19. November 1783 Pigott
227P/Catalina-LINEAR 1,795 6,80 14. Mäerz 2004 Catalina, LINEAR
228P/LINEAR 3,430 8,51 17. Dezember 2001 LINEAR
229P/Gibbs 2,440 7,77
230P/LINEAR 1,486 6,27 LINEAR
231P/LINEAR-NEAT 3,033 8,08 LINEAR, NEAT
232P/Hill 2,983 9,49
233P/La Sagra 1,791 5,29
234P/LINEAR 2,861 7,47 LINEAR
235P/LINEAR 2,748 8,01 LINEAR
236P/LINEAR 1,831 7,21 LINEAR
237P/LINEAR 2,416 7,21 LINEAR
238P/Read 2,360 5,63
239P/LINEAR 1,652 9,46 LINEAR
240P/NEAT 2,124 7,59 NEAT
241P/LINEAR 1,921 11,0 LINEAR
242P/Spahr 3,980 13,0
243P/NEAT 2,456 7,52 NEAT
244P/Scotti 3,918 10,8 30. Dezember 2000 Scotti
245P/WISE 2,140 8,02
246P/NEAT 2,880 8,06 28. Mäerz 2004 NEAT
247P/LINEAR 1,484 7,89 11. November 2002 LINEAR
248P/Gibbs 2,417 14,6
249P/LINEAR 0,511 4,63 19. Oktober 2006 LINEAR
250P/Larson 2,214 7,21
251P/LINEAR 1,714 6,52 17. Abrëll 2004 LINEAR
252P/LINEAR 1,000 5,34 7. Abrëll 2000 LINEAR
P/2007 R5 (SOHO) 0,057 4,01 4. September 1999 SOHO
P/2010 A2 (LINEAR) 2,00 3,47 6. Januar 2010 LINEAR

Net- oder laangperiodesch Koméiten[änneren | Quelltext änneren]

Net- oder laangperiodesch Koméiten
Bezeechnung
an Numm
Periheldistanz
(an AE)
Perihelduerchgang Entdeckungsdatum Entdecker
C/-43 K1 (Koméit Caesar) 0,224 ± 0,048 25. Mee 44 v. Chr. 18. Mee 44 v. Chr.
C/1743 X1 (Klinkenberg) 0,222 1. Mäerz 1744 9. Dezember 1743 D. Klinkenberg
C/1858 L1 (Donati) 0,0578 30. September 1858 2. Juni 1858 G. B. Donati
C/1882 R1 (Grousse Septemberkoméit) 0,008 17. September 1882 September 1882  
C/1965 S1 (Ikeya-Seki) 0,003 21. Oktober 1965 18. September 1965 Kaoru Ikeya, Tsutomu Seki
D/1993 F2 (Shoemaker-Levy) 4,822   24. Mäerz 1993 C. S. Shoemaker, E. Shoemaker, D. Levy
C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) 0,230 1. Mee 1996 30. Januar 1996 Y. Hyakutake
C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) 0,914 1. Abrëll 1997 23. Juli 1995 A. Hale, T. Bopp
C/2004 F4 (Bradfield) 0,168 17. Abrëll 2004 23. Mäerz 2004 W. Bradfield
C/2004 Q2 (Machholz) 1,205 24. Januar 2005 27. August 2004 D. E. Machholz
C/2006 A1 (Pojmański) 0,555 22. Februar 2006 2. Januar 2006 Grzegorz Pojmański
C/2006 M4 (SWAN) 0,783 22. September 2006 20. Juni 2006 R. D. Matson, M. Mattiazzo
C/2006 P1 (McNaught) 0,17 12. Januar 2007 7. August 2006 Robert McNaught
C/2007 E2 (Lovejoy) 1,093 27. Mäerz 2007 15. Mäerz 2007 Terry Lovejoy
C/2007 F1 (LONEOS) 0,402 28. Oktober 2007 19. Mäerz 2007 LONEOS
C/2007 N3 (Lulin) 1,212 10. Januar 2009 11. Juli 2007 Lin Chi-Sheng an Ye Quanzhi
C/2007 Q3 (Siding Spring) 2,252 7. Oktober 2009 25. August 2007 Donna Burton
C/2007 W1 (Boattini) 0,850 24. Juni 2008 20. November 2007 Andrea Boattini
C/2009 R1 (McNaught) 0,405 9. September 2009 3. Juli 2010 Robert McNaught
C/2010 X1 (Elenin) 0,482 10. September 2011 10. Dezember 2010 Leonid Elenin